Edward F. Moore also published the same algorithm in 1957, and for this reason it is also sometimes named the Bellman – Ford – Moore algorithm. The Bellman – Ford algorithm is an algorithm that calculates shortest paths from a individual source vertex to all of the other vertices in a weighted digraph.

COMING SOON!

```
//
// BellmanFord algorithm implementation in C++
//
// The All ▲lgorithms Project
//
// https://allalgorithms.com/cpp/graphs/bellman-ford/
// https://github.com/allalgorithms/cpp
//
// Contributed by: Nikunj Taneja
// Github: @underscoreorcus
//
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
struct Edge
{
int src, dest, weight;
};
struct Graph
{
// V-> Number of vertices, E-> Number of edges
int V, E;
// graph is represented as an array of edges.
struct Edge* edge;
};
struct Graph* createGraph(int V, int E)
{
struct Graph* graph = new Graph;
graph->V = V;
graph->E = E;
graph->edge = new Edge[E];
return graph;
}
void printArr(int dist[], int n)
{
printf("Vertex Distance from Source\n");
for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i)
printf("%d \t\t %d\n", i, dist[i]);
}
void BellmanFord(struct Graph* graph, int src)
{
int V = graph->V;
int E = graph->E;
int dist[V];
// Step 1: Initialize distances from src to all other vertices
// as INFINITE
for (int i = 0; i < V; i++)
dist[i] = INT_MAX;
dist[src] = 0;
// Step 2: Relax all edges |V| - 1 times. A simple shortest
// path from src to any other vertex can have at-most |V| - 1
// edges
for (int i = 1; i <= V-1; i++)
{
for (int j = 0; j < E; j++)
{
int u = graph->edge[j].src;
int v = graph->edge[j].dest;
int weight = graph->edge[j].weight;
if (dist[u] != INT_MAX && dist[u] + weight < dist[v])
dist[v] = dist[u] + weight;
}
}
// Step 3: check for negative-weight cycles. The above step
// guarantees shortest distances if graph doesn't contain
// negative weight cycle. If we get a shorter path, then there
// is a cycle.
for (int i = 0; i < E; i++)
{
int u = graph->edge[i].src;
int v = graph->edge[i].dest;
int weight = graph->edge[i].weight;
if (dist[u] != INT_MAX && dist[u] + weight < dist[v])
printf("Graph contains negative weight cycle");
}
printArr(dist, V);
return;
}
int main()
{
/* Sample graph */
int V = 5;
int E = 8;
struct Graph* graph = createGraph(V, E);
graph->edge[0].src = 0;
graph->edge[0].dest = 1;
graph->edge[0].weight = -1;
graph->edge[1].src = 0;
graph->edge[1].dest = 2;
graph->edge[1].weight = 4;
graph->edge[2].src = 1;
graph->edge[2].dest = 2;
graph->edge[2].weight = 3;
graph->edge[3].src = 1;
graph->edge[3].dest = 3;
graph->edge[3].weight = 2;
graph->edge[4].src = 1;
graph->edge[4].dest = 4;
graph->edge[4].weight = 2;
graph->edge[5].src = 3;
graph->edge[5].dest = 2;
graph->edge[5].weight = 5;
graph->edge[6].src = 3;
graph->edge[6].dest = 1;
graph->edge[6].weight = 1;
graph->edge[7].src = 4;
graph->edge[7].dest = 3;
graph->edge[7].weight = -3;
BellmanFord(graph, 0);
return 0;
}
```