It is distinguishable from mistakes in observation or judgment, rumors, urban legends, pseudosciences, and April Fools' day events that are passed along in good faith by believers or as jokes. A hoax is a falsehood intentionally fabricated to masquerade as the truth. During the 20th century, the hoax found a mass market in the form of supermarket tabloids, and by the 21st century there were fake news sites which spread hoaxes via social networking sites (in addition to the purpose of email for a modern type of chain letter).Zhang Yingyu's The book of Swindles (c. 1617), published during the late Ming dynasty, is say to be China's first collection of narrative about fraud, swindles, hoaxes, and other forms of deception. The communication of hoaxes can be accomplished in almost any manner that a fictional narrative can be communicated: in person, via word of mouth, via words printed on paper, and so on.

COMING SOON!

```
// CPP code to check if a number is a hoax
// number or not.
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
// Function to find distinct prime factors
// of given number n
vector<int> primeFactors(int n)
{
vector<int> res;
if (n % 2 == 0) {
while (n % 2 == 0)
n = n / 2;
res.push_back(2);
}
// n is odd at this point, since it is no
// longer divisible by 2. So we can test
// only for the odd numbers, whether they
// are factors of n
for (int i = 3; i <= sqrt(n); i = i + 2) {
// Check if i is prime factor
if (n % i == 0) {
while (n % i == 0)
n = n / i;
res.push_back(i);
}
}
// This condition is to handle the case
// when n is a prime number greater than 2
if (n > 2)
res.push_back(n);
return res;
}
// Function to calculate sum of digits of
// distinct prime factors of given number n
// and sum of digits of number n and compare
// the sums obtained
bool isHoax(int n)
{
// Distinct prime factors of n are being
// stored in vector pf
vector<int> pf = primeFactors(n);
// If n is a prime number, it cannot be a
// hoax number
if (pf[0] == n)
return false;
// Finding sum of digits of distinct prime
// factors of the number n
int all_pf_sum = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < pf.size(); i++) {
// Finding sum of digits in current
// prime factor pf[i].
int pf_sum;
for (pf_sum = 0; pf[i] > 0;
pf_sum += pf[i] % 10, pf[i] /= 10)
;
all_pf_sum += pf_sum;
}
// Finding sum of digits of number n
int sum_n;
for (sum_n = 0; n > 0; sum_n += n % 10,
n /= 10)
;
// Comparing the two calculated sums
return sum_n == all_pf_sum;
}
// Driver Method
int main()
{
int n = 84; //Example input. This number is hoax number.
if (isHoax(n))
cout << "A Hoax Number\n";
else
cout << "Not a Hoax Number\n";
return 0;
}
```